How to Convert Natural Gas to Propane Safely

How to Convert Natural Gas to Propane?

To convert natural gas to propane, you will need a conversion kit designed for your specific appliance.

The kit should include new burner orifices, a regulator, and other necessary components.

Start by turning off the gas supply and disconnecting the appliance from the natural gas line.

Remove the natural gas burners and replace them with new propane burners.

Connect the appliance to the propane line and ensure all connections are secure and free from gas leaks.

Adjust the burner air shutter and orifices for proper combustion.

Replace the pilot light orifice and gas regulator.

Test the appliance by lighting all pilot lights and checking for steady flames.

It is important to consult the appliance’s owner’s manual or follow the instructions provided with the conversion kit to ensure a safe and correct conversion process.

Key Points:

  • Use a conversion kit designed for your specific appliance, including new burner orifices, a regulator, and other necessary components.
  • Turn off the gas supply and disconnect the appliance from the natural gas line.
  • Replace the natural gas burners with new propane burners.
  • Connect the appliance to the propane line, ensuring all connections are secure and gas leaks are avoided.
  • Adjust the burner air shutter and orifices for proper combustion.
  • Test the appliance by lighting all pilot lights and checking for steady flames, following the instructions provided with the conversion kit.


Did You Know?

1. Propane is actually a byproduct of natural gas processing. During the process of extracting and refining natural gas, propane is separated and collected as a valuable component.

2. One way to convert natural gas to propane is through a process called liquefaction. This involves cooling natural gas to extremely low temperatures, around -260 degrees Fahrenheit (-162 degrees Celsius), which converts it into liquefied natural gas (LNG). LNG can then be warmed up to convert it into propane gas.

3. Another method to convert natural gas to propane is by using a process called cracking. Cracking involves breaking down the molecules of natural gas into smaller ones through heat and pressure, which results in the formation of propane gas.

4. Propane has a higher energy density compared to natural gas. This means that when you convert natural gas to propane, you end up with a more concentrated and efficient fuel source, making it an excellent choice for various applications such as heating, cooking, and even powering vehicles.

5. While commonly known as “propane” in North America, this gas is also known by other names in different regions around the world. For instance, in the European Union and certain parts of Asia, it is referred to as “autogas,” while in Australia and New Zealand it is commonly called “LPG” (Liquefied Petroleum Gas).

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Converting Natural Gas Appliances To Propane: An Overview

Propane is a highly efficient and cost-effective alternative to natural gas. It burns hotter and can be purchased at lower prices, making it an attractive option for many households.

Fortunately, most natural gas appliances can be easily converted to propane using conversion kits specifically designed for this purpose. However, it is important to keep in mind that certain adjustments and safety measures need to be taken to ensure a successful conversion.

In order to accommodate the higher pressure of propane, several components of the appliance will need to be changed out. This includes the valves, switches, burner air shutter, and burner orifices. Additionally, the pilot light orifice and gas regulator should be replaced to match the characteristics of propane.

It is essential that all connections are tested for gas leaks, as safety should always be the top priority when working with gas appliances.

Step-By-Step Guide For Converting Natural Gas Appliances To Propane

Converting a natural gas appliance to propane

Converting a natural gas appliance to propane can be easily done by following these step-by-step instructions. It is important to pay attention to the details and consult the manufacturer’s instructions or the appliance’s owner’s manual for guidance.

  1. Turn off the gas supply – Begin by shutting off the gas supply and ensuring that the appliance is completely disconnected from the natural gas line.
  2. Replace the burners – Remove the natural gas burners from the appliance and replace them with new propane burners. Make sure to securely attach the new burners in their place.
  3. Connect the appliance – Connect the appliance to the propane line carefully, ensuring that all connections are properly tightened and secure.
  4. Adjust the burner – Adjust the burner air shutter until the tip of each flame appears blue. Additionally, adjust the pilot valve to achieve the desired flame height.
  5. Install the conversion kit – Install the conversion kit, which includes replacing the orifices and adjusting the regulator valve to control the flow of propane gas.
  6. Test the appliance – After completing the installation, test the appliance by restoring power, turning on the propane gas supply, and lighting each burner. Ensure that the flame ignites correctly and remains steady.
  7. Check for gas leaks – It is essential to carefully check for gas leaks to ensure safety. You can use a gas leak detector or create a soapy water solution to identify any leaks. Look for signs of bubbling, as this indicates a leak.
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Safety Measures: Checking For Gas Leaks And Proper Ventilation

When converting natural gas appliances to propane, safety should always be a top priority. One crucial step is to thoroughly check for gas leaks before and after the conversion.

  • Apply a mixture of soapy water on all connections and observe if any bubbles form to detect leaks.
  • Pay attention to the distinctive smell of propane, often compared to rotten eggs or skunks. This odor could indicate a gas leak, and immediate action must be taken.

Furthermore, it is essential to ensure proper ventilation during and after the conversion process.

1. Light all the pilot lights and allow the system to run for a few minutes to remove any air pockets.
2. Proper ventilation helps maintain a healthy indoor environment and reduces the risk of gas buildup.

Finding The Right Conversion Kit: Compatibility And Purchase Tips

Before starting the conversion process, it is crucial to determine the compatibility of your stove with propane gas. This information can usually be found in the stove’s owner’s manual or by contacting the manufacturer directly.

Once you have confirmed compatibility, it is time to find the appropriate conversion kit for your specific make and model.

Conversion kits can typically be purchased from reputable suppliers online or at home improvement stores. When selecting a conversion kit, ensure that it is specifically designed for your stove’s make and model.

The kit should include all necessary components, such as new orifices, a regulator, and any additional parts required for the conversion. It is essential to purchase a high-quality conversion kit to ensure a safe and successful conversion process.

Professional Assistance: When To Consult A Specialist

While converting natural gas appliances to propane can be a do-it-yourself project, it is advisable to consult a professional in certain situations. If you are unsure or uncomfortable with any aspect of the conversion process, it is best to seek professional assistance. They have the knowledge and experience to handle any challenges that may arise, ensuring that the conversion is done safely and correctly.

Additionally, if your appliance requires a combination safety valve, it is crucial to use a conversion kit designed specifically for this valve. Professionals can accurately assess the requirements and provide the necessary expertise to successfully complete the conversion.

Achieving Optimal Performance: Adjustments And Considerations

To achieve optimal performance from your converted natural gas stove, certain adjustments and considerations should be made. Since propane burns hotter than natural gas, it may be necessary to make adjustments to the flame height and ensure proper combustion. This can usually be done by turning the adjustment screw on the pilot valve to control the flame height.

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When adjusting the burner air shutter, the goal is to achieve a blue tip on each flame. This blue color indicates that the combustion is clean and efficient. If the flame appears yellow or orange, it may indicate improper combustion and requires further adjustment.

It is important to note that the conversion process might affect the warranty of your appliance. Review the manufacturer’s guidelines and warranty information to understand any potential impact.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens if you don’t convert natural gas to propane?

If you choose not to convert natural gas to propane, the mismatch in orifice sizes can lead to improper gas flow and inconsistent combustion. This can result in poor appliance performance, increased energy consumption, and potential safety hazards. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure the correct conversion from natural gas to propane to maintain efficient and safe operation of gas appliances.

What is the difference between propane and natural gas?

The major distinction between propane and natural gas lies in their physical states and distribution methods. Propane is compressed and stored as a liquid that can either be purchased in portable canisters or delivered to a property’s storage tank by truck. On the other hand, natural gas is supplied to homes through pipelines while remaining in its gaseous form. This disparity in form and transportation makes propane a versatile and mobile fuel option, while natural gas provides a reliable and convenient supply through a fixed infrastructure.

Can you convert natural gas to LPG?

Although natural gas and LPG are both gases, they cannot be directly converted from one form to another. This is because they have distinct pressure points and operate differently in gas appliances. To convert between the two, specialized modifications are necessary. Nonetheless, it is important to note that not all gas appliances can be converted due to certain design or certification constraints. Thus, the conversion process may not be possible for every type of appliance.

Which is cheaper natural gas or propane?

Determining whether natural gas or propane is cheaper depends on various factors. Although propane is initially more expensive than natural gas, its slower burn rate means that you will use less of it to heat a given space compared to natural gas. On the other hand, while natural gas is cheaper, it burns much faster than propane. Consequently, to heat two spaces of the same size, you would require twice as much natural gas compared to propane. Ultimately, the cost-effectiveness of each fuel source depends on your heating needs and the prevailing prices in your area.

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